Database of Legislation

Trafficking in persons
  • Offences

    • • Trafficking in persons (adults)
      • Trafficking in children (under 18 years)
  • Acts Involved

    • • Recruitment/Hiring
      • Transportation
      • Transfer
      • Harbouring
      • Receipt
      • Buying/Purchasing/Selling
      • Participating as an accomplice
      • Organizing and directing other persons
  • Means Used

    • • Threat of the use of force or of other forms of coercion
      • Abduction
      • Fraud
      • Deception
      • Abuse of power or a position of vulnerability
      • Giving or receiving payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person
  • Exploitative Purposes

    • • Exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation
      • Removal of organs
      • Servitude
      • Slavery or practices similar to slavery
      • Forced labour or services

UNTOC Articles

  • Organized Crime Convention

  • Trafficking in Persons Protocol

  • Any Article
  • Smuggling of Migrants Protocol

  • Firearms Protocol


    Original Text

    81. In this Act-
    “Agency” means the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons established under section 2 of this Act;

    “Assets” means items of ownership convertible into cash; total resources of person or
    business, as cash, notes and accounts receivable, securities, inventories, goodwill, fixtures, machinery or real estate.

    “Attachment” includes forfeiture or the permanent deprivation of property by Order of a Court

    “Brothel” includes any enclosure, house, premises, hotels, restaurants, drinking place, vessels, stationary or moving receptacle where a person offers the body commonly for acts of lewdness and sexual gratification.

    "Child" means a person under the age of eighteen years;

    “Commercial carriers” means any person or any public, private or other entity engaged in
    transporting persons, goods or mails for remuneration, hire or any other benefit;

    “Director – General” means the Director – General and Chief Executive Officer of the

    “Export” with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions means to take or cause to be taken out of Nigeria.

    “Exploitation” shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or
    other forms of sexual exploitation, deprivation of the offspring of any person, forced labour or services or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs;

    “Exploitative labour’’ include the use of a child’s labour for the monetary, commercial or
    economic interest of the recruiter and the receiver.

    “Financial or other material benefit” includes any type of financial or non-financial
    inducement, payment, bribe, reward, advantage or service (including sexual or other services).

    “Freezing” means temporarily prohibiting the transfer, conversion, disposal or movement of money or assets or temporarily assuming custody or control of money or assets;

    “Force” or “coercion” includes obtaining or maintaining through act of threat the labour,
    service, or other activities of a person by physical, psychological or mental harm, intimidation or any work or service exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty;

    “Forced Labour” includes work carried out as a result of deception, threat of or use of force, intimidation, physical or psychological or other harm;

    “grievous harm” means any harm which amounts to a maim or dangerous harm or which
    seriously or permanently injures health, or which is likely so to injure health, or which extends to permanent disfigurement or to any permanent or serious injury to any external or internal organ, member or sense.

    “High Court” means Federal High Court, the High Court of a State or the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory.

    “Import” with its grammatical variation and cognate expressions means to bring or cause to be brought into Nigeria.

    “Minister” means the Attorney - General of the Federation and Minister of Justice.

    "Person" means a natural person or a legal entity.

    “President” means the President and Commander in – Chief of the Armed Forces of the
    Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    “Slave” means a person who is held in bondage whose life; liberty, freedom and property are under absolute control of someone;
    “Trafficking or Traffic in Persons” shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer,
    harbouring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power of a position of vulnerability or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person or debt bondage for the purpose of placing or holding the person whether for or not in involuntary servitude (domestic, sexual or reproductive) in forced or bonded labour, or in slavery-like conditions, the removal of organs or generally for exploitative purposes;

    “Trafficked person” means a victim of trafficking in persons;

    “Trafficker” includes a person or an entity that commits or is in the process of committing,
    aids, abets, facilitates or acquiesces to an act of trafficking in persons.

    “Transit Shelter” means shelter established by the Agency for the purpose of receiving, caring for, rehabilitating and re-integrating into society, victims of human trafficking.

    “Trust Fund” means the Victims Trust Fund established under section 67 of this Act;

    “Trust Fund Committee” means the Victims of Trafficking Trust Fund Committee established under section 68 of this Act;

    “Victim” means a victim of trafficking in persons.



    Please refer to the attachment above for the full original English text of Nigeria's Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition), Enforcement and Administration Act.