Data plays an integral role in the commission of many cybercrimes and vulnerabilities to cybercrime. Even though data provides users of it (individuals, private companies, organizations, and governments) with innumerable opportunities, these benefits can be (and have been) exploited by some for criminal purposes. Specifically, data collection, storage, analysis, and sharing both enables many cybercrimes and the vast collection, storage, use, and distribution of data without users' informed consent and choice and necessary legal and security protections. What is more, data aggregation, analysis, and transfer occur at scales that governments and organizations are unprepared for, creating a slew of cybersecurity risks. Privacy, data protection, and security of systems, networks, and data are interdependent. In view of that, to protect against cybercrime, security measures are needed that are designed to protect data and user's privacy.