Instructions: For multiple-choice questions, circle the appropriate letter (e.g., "a", "b", "c", etc.). For true-false questions, circle "True" or "False."
The Organized Crime Convention is known as the Rome Convention. It was signed in 2000 and ratified in 2003.
Which of the following options best describes Travaux Préparatoires ?
a) It is a building in downtown Palermo where the Organized Crime Convention was signed
b) It is an alternative name to refer to the High-level Political Conference at which the Organized Crime Convention was signed
c) It is the official record of negotiations of the Organized Crime Convention
d) It is a budgeting procedure for the implementation of the Organized Crime Convention
How many Member States of the United Nations are parties to the Organized Crime Convention?
d) More than 90%
Judge Falcone was the first Italian mob leader to break the mafia oath of silence whose testimony helped convict hundreds of Mafia leaders in Italy and the United States. These convictions led to formal negotiations, paving a way to an almost universal ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Which of the following is correct about an "organized criminal group" as provided by the Organized Crime Convention?
a) It is a structured group of three or more persons
b) It exists for a period of time
c) It acts in concert with the aim of committing at least one serious crime
d) Its purpose is to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit
e) All of the above
f) None of the above
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime is legally binding to its parties.
Which of the following acts are States parties of the Organized Crime Convention not required to criminalize by the Organized Crime Convention?
a) Participation in an organized criminal group
b) White-collar crime
d) Obstruction of justice
e) Money laundering
INTERPOL is the guardian of the Organized Crime Convention and offers both legislative guides and model treaties and laws for further guidance of the States parties of the Convention.
The 1988 UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances requires States parties to ____________.
a) Criminalize and punish all forms of illicit drug production, trafficking, and money laundering
b) Control precursor substances that can be used to produce illicit drugs
c) Participate in international efforts against drug trafficking
d) All of the above
The Organized Crime Convention is important because __________.
a) It raises fundamental questions about the nature and outreach of organized crime
b) It provides a clear explanation about how technology makes organized criminal groups difficult for law enforcement agencies to locate and monitor
c) It is the main international legally binding instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime
d) It is not important because of national governments' unwillingness to work with each other.
The Conference of the Parties to the Organized Crime Convention is a formal meeting of the States parties of the Convention at which the implementation of the Convention is periodically reviewed.
The Conference of the Parties to the Organized Crime Convention is a closed meeting and cannot be attended by non-States parties or representatives of international organizations.
[Answer key: 1. false; 2. c. 3. d; 4. false; 5. e; 6. true; 7. b; 8. false; 9. d; 10. c; 11. true; 12. false]