This section contains material that is meant to support lecturers and provide ideas for interactive discussions and case-based analysis of the topic under consideration.
Divide the students in two to three groups and ask them to elaborate on how the global firearms control regime is built. What are its essential elements? What are the main gaps in the regime and how do these gaps affect the efforts of the countries to counter illicit firearms trafficking? How can the UNTOC provisions contribute to the objectives of the firearms control regime; in particular, its provisions on legal entities, jurisdiction, criminalization, and international cooperation?
Divide students in two to three groups and ask them to elaborate on: the requirements for marking and record-keeping of firearms and the challenges for implementing these requirements in practice; the process of firearms tracing and its role in firearms trafficking investigations; the role and regulation of brokers and what challenges countries can have in implementing brokering regulations.
Divide students in two to three groups and assign to each group one legally binding global or regional instrument and a piece of national law. Ask students to review the instrument and the national legislation, and draft a gap analysis with a checklist of requirements for assisting a country to harmonize its domestic legislation. Share the results of the group work and identify good practices.