This module is a resource for lecturers


The last 50 years has seen a dramatic expansion in the scope and use of investigative tools to aid in the prosecution of complex organized crime cases. The methods by which cases are prosecuted is generating increasing attention, as governments seek to obtain the best possible results from their prosecution efforts.

This Module assesses important tools used for prosecution of organized crime cases. These tools reflect the global experience in responding to transnational organized crime within different legal traditions. They include measures to enhance cooperation with law enforcement authorities, mitigating punishment, witness immunity, and protection of witnesses.

Topics covered

  • Special prosecutorial tools in organized crime cases
  • Adversarial versus inquisitorial legal systems
  • Mitigating punishment
  • Plea bargaining
  • Witness protection
  • Immunity from prosecution

Learning outcomes

  • Understand the role of prosecutors in applying law in practice.
  • Evaluate prosecution tools designed to increase cooperation with law enforcement authorities: mitigating punishment, witness immunity, and protection of witnesses.
  • Assess the arguments on alternative prosecution tools balancing the protection of witnesses with the public interest in investigating and prosecuting transnational organized crime.