In addition to the exercises, other assessment tools used in this Module are review questions and homework assignments.
The questions can also be used to promote class discussions during the lecture.
Students can be assigned one or more of the following assignments to be completed before class as either a written homework assignment (one to three pages long) and/or be part of the class discussion:
In many respects, the legal responses to acts of hacktivism are not significantly different than those taken against acts of traditional activism. Around the world and over the years, depending on their activities, lawsuits have been brought against activists. For example, Greenpeace, a non-governmental environmental activism organization, has engaged in numerous controversial acts of protest which in turn have led to court proceedings with charges ranging from loss of profit to racketeering and from trespassing to sailormongering. The lawsuits were considered by some as attempts by the corporations who were causing environmental harms to silence legitimate forms of protest thus triggering a freedom of speech/freedom expression backlash.
As part of this assignment, students should search online and identify a hacktivist group not discussed in this Module and the core readings of this Module. The students should be prepared to discuss the group they selected in class.
Please search and find a case (from the last three years) involving cyberespionage that was not covered in this Module or the core readings of this Module. Come prepared to the class to discuss the case and the actions taken by the country targeted by the cyberespionage incident.
In what ways are new cybercapabilities making espionage more important to address and regulate? Indeed, recall that espionage is the "second oldest profession" and has been part and parcel of statecraft for thousands of years.
Students should be randomly assigned to a group before the class to enable them to complete the assignment before the class meets. Each group should be randomly assigned one country.
Instruct the students to research and identify the following:
Consider the following scenarios:
Instruct students to search and find a case (from the last three years) involving disinformation or fake news that was not covered in this Module or the core readings of this Module. Students should come prepared to discuss their findings in class. Students should also be prepared to answer the following questions in class:
[Note: This assignment can be changed to a group assignment. Students should be randomly assigned to a group before the class to enable them to complete the assignment before the class meets. Each group should be randomly assigned a specific case of fake news or other form of cyber-enabled disinformation campaign].