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"Conspiracy" and "criminal association" are characteristic organized crimes offences in that they criminalize the planning of crimes by groups and associating with organized criminal groups. Organized crime requires more than one person, and some rational planning and organization to carry out the criminal conduct successfully.

"Racketeering" is a newer approach to punishing ongoing criminal enterprises. Obstruction of justice is an example of a crime used by organized criminal groups to ensure their survival from law enforcement and prosecution as well as to continue to profit illegally.

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