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This Module has focused on the systematic provision of illicit goods and services as one of the profit-making centre of organized crime and well as the particular markets in which organized criminal groups are actively taking part in order to make a profit. These activities also represent specific offences in most jurisdictions and can and shall be prosecuted as such independently of the involvements of an organized criminal group.

The specific goods and services provided by organized criminal groups depend on regional availability, consumer demand, regulatory and enforcement capacities, and competition from other groups and products. Supply, demand, regulation, and competition work to create and maintain criminal markets and those organized criminal groups that actively exploit them. Prevention and intervention strategies aimed only at organized criminal groups cannot be effective unless the dynamics of the illicit markets they cater to are also addressed.

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