The following readings are recommended for students interested in exploring the topics of this Module in more detail, and for lecturers teaching the Module:
Albanese, Jay S. (2015). Organized Crime: From the Mob to Transnational Organized Crime. London: Routledge.
Smith, Dwight C. (1980). Paragons, Pariahs, and Pirates: A Spectrum-Based Theory of Enterprise. Crime & Delinquency, vol. 26, 358-386.
Pizzini-Gambetta, Valerie (2014). Organized Crime: The Gender Constraints of Illegal Markets. In R. Gartner and B. McCarthy, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime. Oxford University Press.