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This Module presented a four-part typology of explanations of the cause and facilitating factors for organized crime: positivistic, classical, structural, and ethical. A single explanation cannot account for the different motivations of all offenders, yet some explanations offer important insights into criminal decision-making and, as Figure 6.2 shows, a combination of explanations on the causes and facilitating factors of organized crime provides clear direction regarding how criminal decisions are made and how they might be prevented in the future.

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