The legal regimes primarily examined throughout this University Module Series are those which the international community has agreed form the fundamental basis of the international framework within which counter-terrorism efforts and responses should occur, as is reflected in the United Nations CT Strategy itself, as was previously discussed. These are the Charter of the United Nations; national/international criminal law; international human rights law; international humanitarian law; and international refugee law. Other applicable legal regimes include, e.g., law governing the use of force ( jus ad bellum). These do not form part of the current University Module Series which focuses mainly on criminal justice responses to terrorism since these should be the normal response. With the utilization of military force remaining exceptional.
This section introduces the key principles and sources governing international human right law, international humanitarian law and international refugee law, elements of which recur throughout the remainder of the University Module Series. International criminal law principles are discussed in Module 4. Additionally, legal principles relevant to particular issues are introduced and explained within the relevant topic specific Modules (see especially Modules 6-14).