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The Smuggling of Migrants Knowledge Portal is an initiative to facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the implementation of the  UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime  and specifically the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air. UNODC is working to increase the visibility of successful prosecutions and, at the same time, promote awareness of the realities of this crime, including the involvement and modus operandi of organised criminal groups.

This portal aims to promote the uniform interpretation and application of the international instruments designed to tackle transnational crimes, and to broaden the knowledge of migrant smuggling crimes, especially the realities faced by ordinary people victimized by those who put their life at risk and the tools available to contrast the criminals while protecting the migrants.


Case Law Database

A comprehensive case law database that provides immediate, public access to officially documented instances of smuggling of migrants. The database includes landmark cases from several jurisdictions, helping to clarify, through the case analysis, the elements and characteristics of the specific organized crime of smuggling of migrants as well as common challenges, best practices, and the use of international cooperation instruments in the smuggling of migrants cases.

Database of Legislation

An electronic repository of laws relevant to the requirements of the organised Crime Convention and the smuggling of migrants protocol.

Bibliographic Database

An annotated bibliography providing a synopsis of key articles and publications on smuggling of migrants, that are search-able by countries, research methods and keywords.

Contributor Access

This tool aims to enable focal points to directly upload relevant material in SHERLOC. Before being made available online, the uploaded content is reviewed by the SHERLOC team. Relevant national authorities are then asked to verify the content.


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