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The Human Trafficking Knowledge Portal is an initiative to facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and specifically the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children.

The Human Trafficking Knowledge Portal hosts a Case Law Database on officially documented instances of trafficking in persons crime.

By creating this portal, UNODC is working to increase the visibility of successful prosecutions and, at the same time, promote awareness of the realities of this devastating crime. Such a portal enables users to read about human trafficking issues, consult court decisions and practices from different countries and broaden their knowledge of human trafficking crimes.


Case Law Database

A comprehensive case law database provides immediate, public access to officially documented instances of trafficking in persons crime. The database contains details on victims and perpetrators nationalities, trafficking routes, verdicts and other information related to prosecuted cases from across the world. In doing so, it provides not only mere statistics on numbers of prosecutions and convictions, but also the real-life stories of trafficked persons as documented by the courts.

Database of Legislation

An electronic repository of laws relevant to the requirements of the organized Crime Convention and the protocols thereto. Most of the legislation included in this database has been enacted specifically to counter the relevant crime type, including trafficking in persons. For more information click here for the Database of Legislation powered by UNODC Sherloc.

Bibliographic Database

An annotated bibliography providing a synopsis of key articles and publications on human trafficking, that are search-able by countries, research methods and keywords.


A database containing strategic instruments on the regional and domestic implementation of the Organised Crime Convention and the Protocols thereto.


A database containing the ratification status of the Organised Crime Convention and the Protocols thereto and other relevant legal instruments.

Contributor Access

This tool aims to enable focal points to directly upload relevant material in SHERLOC. Before being made available online, the uploaded content is reviewed by the SHERLOC team. Relevant national authorities are then asked to verify the content.


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The portal was made possible through the generous support of the government of the United States of America.



The numbers of cases available per country in the UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database are representative neither of the actual number of trafficking in persons cases nor the trafficking situation in a country.

The UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database includes cases in which all three constituent elements of the internationally agreed definition of trafficking in persons (Article 3, the United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol) are present, even though the case may not have been prosecuted as a trafficking offence under national legislation.

Some of the case information provided in the UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database has not been independently verified by UNODC in primary sources.



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