a) When you consider three ways to pursue the organization of crime by criminal enterprises - using conspiracy, criminal association, or racketeering law - how would you weigh the benefits of each approach?
b) Compare participation in a criminal association and conspiracy laws. What are the conceptual differences between these two traditional models?
c) Why does the Organized Crime Convention give States Parties an option to choose either a conspiracy or criminal association model?
d) The various participation offences can test the limits of rights such as freedom of speech, and association. How can we be sure that people are not prosecuted for unpopular ties or statements?
e) Participation offences can be an effective way to prosecute dangerous criminals before they cause serious harm to other people. This approach is both appealing and problematic, because it offers a basis for prosecution before the defendant has committed the substantive crime. What are the benefits and possible costs of this approach?