Trata de personas

Delitos

• Trata de personas (adultos)

Actos realizados

• Captación/contratación
• Transporte

Medios utilizados

• Amenaza del uso de la fuerzo u otras formas de coercion
• Engaño

Fines de explotación

• Trabajos o servicios forzosos

Protección de víctimas

• Proporcionar viviendas/alojamiento

Palabras clave

• Trata Transnacional

Case 0115

Resumen de los hechos

Defendant A and defendant B travelled to the town of Bacau in Romania in July 2012. They came in contact with four men and one woman whom they promised work in Norway. All five agreed to go by minibus with A and B to Norway, without any further agreement on payment for the travel. Their ID cards were removed from them during the journey. In Norway, A and B said that they would get back the ID cards upon payment of a total of €1000. They were forced to steal petrol and to beg, and after refusing to steal more, defendant A struck one of the victims, and they all received death threats.

In July 2012, a Romanian-speaking outreach worker in Oslo noticed that a Romanian woman begging on the streets of Oslo with four other people seemed scared and nervous. After speaking with the woman, the social worker understood that a trafficker controlled the group. Safe housing was provided and they were all granted a reflection period. The IOM assisted them in returning to Romania in November 2012. Before leaving Norway, they gave witness statements to the court about their experiences.

The police started an investigation, which included obtaining witness statements from Romania. Based on information provided by the victims, two suspects were identified and a surveillance operation initiated, which resulted in the discovery of two new cases of trafficking. Offender A later went to Romania and recruited two men in a similar way. He was arrested after arriving back in Norway.

Comentario y aspectos destacados

In recent years, a number of Romanian citizens have arrived in Norway where they beg on the streets. Some belong to groups, often consisting of family members. Concerns have been raised about possible exploitation and trafficking within these groups.
The following case is of special interest since it shows the willingness to exploit people even for a relatively small sum of money.

Fecha de la Sentencia:
2015-01-19

Palabras clave

Hechos:
Reclutamiento
Transporte
Medio:
Amenaza o al uso de la fuerza u otras formas de coacción
Engaño
Fines de explotación:
Trabajos o servicios forzados
Otro
Forma de la Trata:
Transnacional
Sector en el que la explotación se lleva a cabo:
Mendicidad
Otros sectores

Cuestiones transversales

Responsabilidad

Responsabilidad por

• Delito consumado

Delincuente/Delito

Detalles

• Ocurrió a través de uno (o más) de las fronteras internacionales (transnacional)

Países interesados

Rumania

Investigación

Técnicas especiales de investigación

• Vigilancia electrónica o de otro tipo

Información sobre el procedimiento

Sistema jurídico:
Derecho continental
Última sentencia judicial:
Tribunal de primera instancia
Tipo de Proceso:
Penal
 

1st Instance: 

Court: Oslo District Court

Location: Oslo

Date of decision:19 January 2015

 
 

Víctima / Demandantes de primera instancia

Víctima:
Anonymous 1
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1983
Víctima:
Anonymous 2
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1983
Víctima:
Anonymous 3
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1986
Víctima:
Anonymous 4
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1990
Víctima:
Anonymous 5
Sexo:
Mujer
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1993

Acusado / Demandado de primera instancia

Acusado:
A
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacimiento:
1964
Hails from Kosovo, living on social benefits in Oslo.
Acusado:
B
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
1989
He is unemployed

Cargos/Acusaciones/Decisiones

Acusado:
A
Veredicto:
Guilty
Acusación/Reclamación:
Several counts of Trafficking
Pena de prisión:
2 años 6 Meses
 
Acusado:
B
Veredicto:
Guilty
Acusación/Reclamación:
Several counts of Trafficking
Pena de prisión:
 10 Meses
 

Tribunal

Oslo District Court

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