Trata de personas

Delitos

• Trata de niños (menores de 18 años)
• Trata de personas (adultos)

Actos realizados

• Captación/contratación
• Transporte
• Acogida

Medios utilizados

• Amenaza del uso de la fuerzo u otras formas de coercion
• Engaño
• Abuso de poder o de una situación de vulnerabilidad

Cass. pen. Sez. V, n. 2775

Resumen de los hechos

The Defendant convinced two minors to follow him to Italy, promising them a legal job in the Country and obtaining custody powers from their parents. Once they illegally entered Italy, he took their passports away and beat them to force them to pickpocket and hand over to him the stolen goods, threatening them that he would kill or mutilate them if they would run away. He forced them to live in precarious conditions in a occupied facility, together with other hundreds of people. The Defendant forced also another victim to participate in his criminal activities, pickpocketing on tube trains.

Comentario y aspectos destacados

The Court investigated the meaning of position of vulnerability, mentioned by the European framework decision on combating trafficking in human beings. In particular, it stated that such vulnerability is characterized by the poor conditions in which the trafficked minors were living: they experienced a total lack of reference point and a substantial dependence for their living needs on the Defendant. The Court noted that, considering such elements, the intensity of the surveillance on the minors by the Defendant was not relevant.
Fecha de la Sentencia:
2010-11-18
Autor:
UNODC

Palabras clave

Hechos:
Reclutamiento
Transporte
Acogida
Medio:
Amenaza o al uso de la fuerza u otras formas de coacción
Engaño
Abuso de poder o de una situación de vulnerabilidad
Fines de explotación:
Otro
Forma de la Trata:
Transnacional
Sector en el que la explotación se lleva a cabo:
Otros sectores

Cuestiones transversales

Responsabilidad

Responsabilidad por

• Delito consumado

Base de responsabilidad

• Intención dolosa

Responsabilidad implica

• Delincuentes principales

Delincuente/Delito

Detalles

• Ocurrió a través de uno (o más) de las fronteras internacionales (transnacional)

Países interesados

Italia

Rumania

Víctima / Demandantes de primera instancia

Víctima:
Anonymous
Sexo:
Niño
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Víctima:
Anonymous
Sexo:
Niño
Nacionalidad:
rumano
Nacimiento:
positive integer value
Víctima:
Anonymous
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano

Acusado / Demandado de primera instancia

Acusado:
S.I.
Sexo:
Hombre
Nacionalidad:
rumano

Cargos/Acusaciones/Decisiones

Acusado:
S.I.
Veredicto:
Guilty
Acusación/Reclamación:
Reduce to or maintain in slavery
Legislación/Código:
Art 600 Criminal Code
Conclusión:

The appealed judgment infers the existence of a condition of continuous subjection of the victims due to their being minors, away from their families, placed in a precarious living facility in a foreign Country, deprived of their documents and forced with violence to commit crimes; beyond this natural situation of inferiority and necessity, typical of a minor separated by their family, other elements make the situation even more oppressive. In this scenario, it is logic to infer the basic elements of the exploitation and of the use of the Victims as they belonged to the perpetrator; thus, the crime has been committed.
[…]
To commit this crime, the personal freedom does not need to be completely denied. It is possible to consider a conduct as “keeping in slavery” when there is a substantial reduction of a person’s ability of self-determination, so that the condition of subjection (required for this crime) is satisfied.

 

Unofficial translation of the judgment
Veredicto:
Guilty
Acusación/Reclamación:
Use threats to force someone to commit crimes
Legislación/Código:
Art. 611 Criminal Code
Veredicto:
Guilty
Acusación/Reclamación:
Collusion in aggravated theft
Pena de prisión:
15 años
 

Tribunal

Court of Cassation

version 4.0.0-build-24 2021-08-26T11:30:17.207Z